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  • Submitted: Jun 15 2011 12:12 PM
  • Last Updated: Jun 27 2011 05:15 PM
  • File Size: 641.99K
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  • Author: Alexander Campbell
  • e-Sword Version: 9.x - 10.x
  • Suggest New Tag:: living, oracles, LONT

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e-Sword 9+ Module Download:
Download Living Oracles New Testament LONT (1835)

* * * * - 1 Votes

Author:
Alexander Campbell

e-Sword Version:
9.x - 10.x

Suggest New Tag::
living, oracles, LONT

Alexander Campbell's Living Oracles


The Sacred Writings of the Apostles and Evangelists of Jesus Christ, Commonly Styled the New Testament.


Translated from the Original Greek.


MDCCCXXXV. 1835


Name
Living Oracles New Testament

Acronym
LONT

e-Sword Tab
LONT

e-Sword Module Link
above

Source of the Bible file
Google Books to 1828 edition

Full Name
Living Oracles New Testament

Also Known As
The Sacred Writings of the Apostles and Evangelists of Jesus Christ, commonly styled The New Testament.

Revision of
G. Campbell DD - Gospels
P. Doddridge DD - Acts & Revalations
J. MacKnight DD - Epistles

Translation source Text
Alexader Campbell made use of the critical Greek text of Griesbach 1805, but his version does not always follow Griesbach's text

Language
English

Translator(s)
G. Campbell DD - Gospels
P. Doddridge DD - Acts & Revalations
J. MacKnight DD - Epistles

Editor(s)
Alexander Campbel

Publisher &(or) Printer
M'Vay & Ewing -1835
Wightman & Cramp-1828

Copyright
1826

1923-63 Renewal
Pre 1923

Editions
1826. 1st edition
1828. Second edition,
1832. Third edition,
1835, Fourth edition,

Contains
New Testament

Translation type
to be determined

ISBN
not available

Preface
PREFACE TO THE READER.

You are here furnished with a new and excellent Version of all the Apostolic Writings, by the combined labours of three eminent Critics. This very important and seasonable work is by no means intended to diminish your regard for the Common Version, but rather to render it more profitable for the advancement of your knowledge, and the establishment of your faith, than the best translation could possibly be alone.

That you may understand the utility of various different versions of Scripture, it may be observed, that distinct languages do not consist of precisely the same number of words, corresponding with each other in their signification and extent of meaning, like the several pounds which compose any given sum, or the four sides of a square, which are in all respects alike, so that any one of the same kind is equivalent to any other; but the corresponding terms of distinct languages agree with each other in meaning with slight shades of difference, like those natural productions which are in many respects similar, without being in all things absolutely equal. If one be furnished with a large collection of different kinds of flowers or fruits, and required to match every one of them as nearly as possible, in a garden where there are large quantities of every given sort, he will find it very difficult, in some cases, to fix on the one, out of many similar, which corresponds most nearly with the sample received: and if various persons be employed in succession, they will not always hit on the same selection. Thus, the same word of Greek may be rendered, according to circumstances, by the English word, church, assembly, or congregation; another word, by either bishop, superintendent, or overseer; another, by master, sir, or lord.

Now, were a translator to interpret every word of the Greek by all the English words that have a similar meaning, the result of his labours would be a very clumsy paraphrase, rather than a faithful version, equivalent to the original. As, therefore, he must select, from among various similar terms, that one which he considers the most proper, to the exclusion of all the rest; and as different translators always deviate more or less from, each other in making their selection, the use of sundry versions is calculated to give the English reader a more distinct, full, and certain understanding of the sacred text, than could be obtained by the exclusive perusal of any single one, however excellent. Hence, it is not your duty to lay aside the common version, as less perfect than that which is here offered, or vainly to set the one in opposition to the other; but to compare them together, verse by verse, and combine the ideas suggested by both. Do this deliberately: do it repeatedly, with attention and candour; and its utility in advancL- 0- your knowledge of the mind of the Holy Ghost, beyond all that could be attained from any single version, will exceed your most sanguine hope.

But you must carefully study the whole of the Old Testament also, that you may be prepared to understand the New. Contemplate, therefore, the account which it gives of the original condition and the fall of man, in connexion with the only infallible illustration of the subject which has been given by our Apostle. See Gen. i. ii. iii.; Rom. v.; 1 Cor. xv. Consider, especially, the divine covenant of promise, made with Abraham and his seed; the covenant of the Ten Commandments, made with the nation of Israel, with the judgments and ordinances which were added to it; the everlasting covenant which was afterward made with David respecting the endless reign of his seed; and the intimations which were given by the Prophets of the establishment of a new and perpetual covenant in the days of the Messiah. All these covenants have an important and conspicuous place in the Sacred Volume, and its meaning cannot be properly understood if they be neglected, confounded, or in any way misrepresented. Make it your care, therefore, to observe the true nature, order, and design of them; and mark wherein they differed from each other, how they were mutually connected, in what manner the Prophets introduced them, and how the glorious consummation of them was disclosed by the Apostles.
Examine the several component parts of divine revelation in their natural order and succession, without vainly attempting to comprehend all those things at once which were communicated at various distant periods, or beginning with those which are the most abstruse and sublime. Make the simple narrative of facts your first study. Then proceed to the leading doctrines, precepts, promises, and threats. Get a distinct acquaintance with the literal sense of Scripture, before you attempt to investigate the figurative or allegorical meaning of any part of it; and let those predictions which have not as yet received their accomplishment be your last study. To invert this order would expose you to endless perplexity and delusion. ,'

Keep some special subject of inquiry in view while you read the Scriptures, and attentively mark all those passages which treat of it, or throw light upon it. For example, you may make it your particular object, in reading the four Gospels, to ascertain all the different kinds of miracles which Jesus Christ performed, together with the various classes of persons who witnessed them, their surprising magnitude, the deep impression that they made upon enemies as well as friends, and all the other circumstances calculated to render them convincing. Or, you may read the Gospels to discover what new doctrines Jesus taught,—what he said of his own person, office, and salvation,—what representation he gave of vital religion, a general resurrection, and a state of endless retribution. In reading the

Apostolic History and Epistles, your immediate object may properly be to ascertain the rapid success with which the Apostles preached after the effusion of the Holy Ghost; the additional information which they imparted beyond all that Christ had taught before his death, what they called sinners to believe in order to their justification, and how they commanded the disciples to walk so as to please God.

Let it be distinctly remembered, that the four Gospels were intended ' for the instruction of all classes of mankind, but that the Apostolic Epistles were addressed to Christians exclusively, as a peculiar people called I out of the world, and united in church-fellowship. Read them, therefore, that you may understand what a true Christian is, in distinction from a hypocrite; what a church of Christ is, in distinction from every other kind of assembly; what description of persons were admitted to be members of the primitive churches; what ordinances they were united to observe; what duties were required of them toward each other, as brethren; and how they were directed to act toward them who were without. | Take heed of perverting the sacred Record by imposing an arbitrary meaning upon any part of it, or artfully accommodating it to any human theory or system of religion. You are not called to mend or improve the Scrip tares, by making them more spiritual or perfect than they actually are; but to search them with singleness and candour. Beware of imagining that you may safely hold fast your preconceived opinions, as long as you can force any detached texts to give them apparent countenance or resist arguments of an opposite kind. The question concerning any particular text should not be, What turn can you give to it ? or, What can you make it seem to teach ? but, What sentiment did the Holy Ghost intend to impart by it ? Make it your daily care to ascertain his mind, as it is set before you' in his word; and implicitly receive every passage in that sense which appears the most natural and obvious, when viewed in connexion with the context, and all the parallel passages which treat of the same subject.

Keep the reality and unspeakable importance of eternal things in view, that your mind may be truly serious, sincere, and teachable. It is not with erring mortals chiefly, but with the Searcher of hearts, that you have to do in the investigation of his word. Remember, therefore, while reading it, that his all-seeing eye is upon you. He addresses you, in particular, as an individual; he sets his great salvation freely before you; he warns you to flee from impending wrath, and seek everlasting life; he demands your heart, without delay or reserve; and he will reward you at the last day according as you now receive and honour, or reject and violate what he reveals. While you ponder his holy Record, the personal interest which you have at stake to be decided according to it, is of infinitely greater value and duration than any temporal kingdom. Reflect on this, and you will no more trifle with sacred things, as if they were only matters of doubtful speculation.
Join the prayer of faith with all your reading. None can properly understand the Scriptures without the inward illumination of the Holy Spirit. God has promised to give the spirit of wisdom to them who ask it. Seek his effectual teaching, therefore, with self-diffidence and unfeigned faith, earnest importunity and perseverance. Turn the sacred word into humble prayers, corresponding with the several parts of it; by confessing your sins which it reproves, imploring those spiritual blessings which it reveals, pleading the accomplishment of its promises, and asking grace to sanctify you according to its holy precepts. This is the most effectual way to discover the knowledge of the truth as it is in Jesus, to fix it in your memory, impress it upon your heart, and secure the ultimate benefit of it.

Make a practical application of all that is addressed to you in the Scripture. Receive it without gainsaying, as the sure testimony of God, who cannot lie—the immediate ground of your confidence before him—the immoveable foundation of your hope for eternity—the divine charter of your unfading inheritance—and the perfect rule of your future conduct. Treasure up the word of Christ in your heart, make it the chief joy of your life, and never hold any part of it in unrighteousness; but resolutely forsake every evil way, put off all your perverse habits, deny your own will, crucify your carnal affections, cherish every gracious disposition, observe the ordinances of Christ with godly sincerity, and keep all his commandments. If you comply with his will, in the manner now proposed, you “shall know of the doctrine," and become “mighty in the Scripture"—you shall attain the delightful assurance, even in this world, that the truth is in you, and that you shall enjoy it for ever.

October 5, 1827.


Bible Profile
In 1826 Alexander Campbell Combined three works
1. 1789 George Campbell, The four Gospels
2. 1756 Philip Doddridge, The Family Expositor from which Acts & Revelation was used
3. 1795 James MacKnight, A New Literal Translation from the Original Greek, of All the Apostolical Epistles

That became to be known as the Living Oracles New Testament

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